Bochnia is a town of 30,000 inhabitants on the river Raba in southern Poland, 35 km southeast of Kraków. It is most famous for its salt mine, the oldest still existing in Europe, built circa 1248. The former German name of the city, Salzberg, meaning “salt mountain”, refers to the mine. Since Poland’s administrative reorganization in 1999, Bochnia has been the administrative capital of Bochnia County in Lesser Poland Voivodship. Before reorganization it was part of Tarnów Voivodship.