Brzeg, situated halfway between Wroclaw and Opole, is one of the oldest and most beautiful towns in Silesia. The first mention concerning the formerly existing fishing and merchant settlement of Wissoke Brzegh comes from 1234. The location at the junction of overland and water routes connecting the largest centres of medieval Silesia with the neighbouring countries facilitated the town’s establishment. The establishment of Brzeg came by virtue of the Western European foundation law issued between 1246 and 1248 and confirmed in 1250.